Visible from the Jaffa Gate and from most of the surrounding neighborhoods west of the old city, the Tower of David is one of the most familiar structures of Jerusalem’s skyline. The oldest parts of the tower,also known as the Jerusalem Citadel, date back over 3,000 years and include a quarry dated to the First Temple period. The structure that stands today dates back to the Mamluk and Ottoman periods. It was built on the site of an earlier ancient fortification of the Hasmonean, Herodian and Christian eras, but was destroyed after the Mamluk conquest of Jerusalem. It contains important archaeological finds from the First Temple period. It stood as a citadel for many centuries defending intruders and enemies trying to enter the city.
“...This tower thrills me every time I see it. Especially when you approach it from the south, as I have drawn it, walking up the winding road that climbs mount Zion from The Sultan's Pool, an ancient water basin that dates back to the time of King Herod. The Tower of David is so powerful and mighty, its strong diagonal wall lines fascinate me and the perspective seems to shoot up towards the heavens as if showing us where to look...“ Eli Ofir